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Facts & History of Papadahandi Shahid Minar, Nabarangpur District
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Papadahandi Shahid memorial (ଶହୀଦ ସ୍ମୃତିସ୍ତମ୍ଭ) is located in the Papadahandi block of Nabarangpur district on the northern side of the Papadahandi Town near the Turi river (ତୂରୀ ନଦୀ). 

It is situated just beside the main road which is 12 kilometres away from the district headquarter and approximately 400 metres distance from the Papadahandi main chowk, falls on left-hand side while going towards Umerkote road. 

It is a very famous place and has its name throughout the state and county too for its history of freedom struggle and sacrifices of freedom fighters. 

We have to know and get aware of, one of the Indian national freedom struggle histories. Let us know more in detail below. So, keep reading!

What are there in the Papadahandi Shahid Minar?

Papadahandi Shahid Minar has a Shahid Memorial (ଶହୀଦ ସ୍ମୃତିସ୍ତମ୍ଭ) along with a mandap, which is known as – Shahid Smriti Mandap (ଶହୀଦ ସ୍ମୃତି ମଣ୍ଡପ). 

In front of the Shahid Smriti Mandap, recently erected national flag at 100 feet height & on its west direction. There is 24 national’s and state’s famous leader’s or personnel’s statue you can found including Mahatma Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Subash Chandra Bose, Mother Teresa, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel etc.

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Shahid Memorial (ଶହୀଦ ସ୍ମୃତିସ୍ତମ୍ଭ) History and Details

On 24th August 1980 foundation stone was established of Shahid memorial, Papadahandi by the former minister or a freedom fighter Shri Radhakrushna Biswas Ray and Janab Habibulla Khan, Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives of Odisha.

And this Shahid memorial or Shahid Stamba was inaugurated by the former honourable governor Mr. Bishambhar Nath Pandey on the 23rd of May in 1984.

On this Shahid memorial, there is a list of 19 Martyrs with names and villages. Names of martyrs who laid down their lives at this place for India’s independence on August 24, 1942 are as follows. You can view it from the image.

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Shahid Smriti Mandap (ଶହୀଦ ସ୍ମୃତି ମଣ୍ଡପ)

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Shahid Smriti Mandap is made from the Dabugaon MLA’s Regional Development Fund on 23rd August in the year 2011.

At that time Dabugaon MLA Sri Bhujabala Majhi inaugurated the Shahid Smriti Mandap and the chief guest were Mr. Pradeep Majhi MP of Nabarangpur at that time & local guest Sri Bhagirathi Naik, president Zilla Parishad Nabarangpur.

In communication of this tragic history of freedom struggle, every year on 24th August celebrated Shahid Smriti Diwas in Nabarangpur District.

History of Papadahandi Shahid Minar

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During the Quit India Movement, Gandhi’s call spread across the country. Nandahandi, Papadahandi, Jharigaon, Dabugaon, Tentulikhunti and other forests in South Odisha were not excluded. All of these undeveloped neglected forest freedom fighters rallied and launched a peaceful movement against the British government. 

To suppress the movement the British Army opened fire on the assembled militants on the banks of the river Turi, near Papadahandi. In that inhumane attack, 19 people were killed due to firing and became a martyr.

Many were injured. Some of the people were swept away by the flow of Turi river and disappeared. Hundreds of militants were arrested. Till now the government has not any accurate data on how many people were injured in that tragic incident. 

Even the water of the Turi river was bloody due to the firing. This happened in 1942. Some historians liken this incident to the Jallianawala Bagh massacre of Amritsar in 1919 and this is known as the Jallianawala Bagh Massacre of Odisha or the 2nd Jallianawala Bagh Massacre. 

So that the Martyrs Monument was later erected there to commemorate this brutal incident. So, if you plan to visit South Odisha then don’t forget to visit this place which was located in Nabarangpur District.

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History in Details

On 14 August 1942, local leader Madhab Pradhani called a meeting of freedom fighters. 2 days after that meeting another meeting was held at Patraput and it was decided to demolish the bridge at Chikili (ଚିକିଲି ). 

Accordingly, about 200 tribal patriots from the villages of Patraput, Badakumuli, Sanakumuli, Urdi, Tonda and Phulbasini under the leadership of Pradhani demolished a wooden bridge at Chikili. The British police registered a case against him. 

Similarly, under the leadership of tribal revolutionary Sanu Majhi, more than 700 members demolished the bridge at Jatabal (ଜଟାବାଲ). On 24 August, more than 500 freedom fighters gathered in the village of Baghsiuni (ବାଘ ସିଉନି) and marched towards Papadahandi to demolish a bridge over the Turi river. 

On the way, Sanu Majhi joined him along with 700 of his followers. On being alerted about the proposed rally by the freedom fighters, Nabarangpur Police Station Circle Inspector Ramakrushna Rao tried to stop them with the help of Jeypore Reserve Police Force and forest officials. 

To stop the progress of the revolutionaries, the police blocked the bridge with a large cannon (ତୋପ). However, the freedom fighters tried to forcibly cross the bridge. Mistaking this as an attack by the freedom fighters on the police force, the officer-in-charge at the site ordered his men to open fire on them. 

11 tribal died on the spot and 8 others lost their life at Nabarangpur hospital. Hundreds of revolutionaries jumped into the Turi river in fear and after being injured. So as history says, the Turi river was turned red due to this open fire. 

More than a hundred people were left physically disabled after those who laid down their lives in the firing and were injured in the incident. The police have arrested 140 nationalists and registered a case against them. 

The incident has gone viral everywhere and many youths in the state joined the freedom struggle after the massacre. Following the history of this freedom struggle, the Shahid Minar Shahid Memorial was erected on the banks of the Turi River as a symbol of the sacrifices of the local freedom fighters.

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